Digestive System in Hindi, Digestive System in Hindi Meaning, Digestive System Explanation in Hindi, Digestive System Definition in Hindi, Digestive System in Hindi Wikipedia, Digestive in Hindi, Digestive System in English
(1) Digestive system – A system ranging from the intake of food to bowel movements, which includes many organs, glands, etc. work harmoniously. This is called the digestive system.
(2) Digestion – Digestion is the process of converting complex nutrients and large molecules into simple, small and soluble substances with the help of various chemical reactions and enzymes.
(3) Alimentary Canal – Also called the nutritional canal. Its length is about 8-10 metres. The major parts of the alimentary canal are:
(V) Small intestine
(vi) Large intestine
(vii) Sewage gate.
(4) Digestive glands – these are of three types-
(i) Salivary gland
(ii) Hepatic gland
(5) Sanvarini muscles (Sphincters) – At various levels, the sanvari muscles control the speed of food, digested food juice and residual.
( 6) Four types of teeth are found in the mouth .
1 . Rodents (Incisors)
2 . Carines
3 . Premolars
4 . molars
The condition of the gums and teeth in human beings is called thecodont. Diphyodont and heterogeneous teeth are found in human beings| 32 teeth are found in the oral cavity. (16 in the upper jaw and 16 in the lower jaw)
(7) Pharynx from its structure ensures that food is not entered into the respiratory canal and air grass into the placenta. The pharynx is divided into three parts –
(ii) Oral pharynx ( Orophar ynx )
(iii) Laryng opharynx
(8) Stomach – its size is like J. It can hold a diet from 1 to 3 litres. The stomach is divided into three parts-
(i) Cardiac or gastrotherum part
(ii) Gastrothere Exodus Part
(iii) Fundis Part
(9) Small Intestine – The highest digestion and absorption of food is in small intestine. The small intestine is divided into three parts — the planetary, the anterior, the anterior and the perturt.
(10) Large Intestine – It mainly absorbs water and mineral salts and emits unfussed food from the sewage. The large intestine is also divided into three parts –
(i) Darkness or blind canal
(11) Digestive glands – Some digestive glands are also found in the digestive system, such as salivary gland, liver and pancreatic. These glands help in digestion of food by digestive juices. Small intestines etc. organs also secrete digestive juices.
(12) Salivary gland – saliva is secreted by them. The main function of saliva is to digest the starch present in the food, make the food smooth and soluble and clean the teeth, mouth cavities and tongue. There are three types of salivary glands –
(i) anterior gland
(ii) Under-10 subchibucary salivary gland
(iii) sublingual gland
Also Read- Questions related to Human System – Answers
Human food provides the energy and somatic substances required for the body. Food is made up of various components such as proteins, corbohydrate, fats, vitamins, minerals and salts etc. Most of these components in food are complex. are in state. They are simplified for absorption in the body. To edit this process, a mechanism ranging from food instase to bowel movements, including a number of organs, glands, etc., works harmoniously. This system is called the digestive system. In digestion, complex food nutrients and large molecules are converted into simple, small and soluble substances with the help of various chemical reactions and enzymes.
human digestive system in hindi
The organs and glands involved in the digestive system are:
(5) Small intestine
(6) Large intestine
(1) Salivary gland
(3) Pancreatic (Pancreas)
All organs are found and produce alimentary canal which starts from the mouth and goes to the stool. it ‘s about 8 – 10 m . There is a length. It is also known as digestive canal.
The alimentary canal has three major functions:
(a) Simplify and digest the diet
(b) Absorption of digested diet
(c) To transport the diet from the mouth to the stool.
Digestive Juices are responsible for carrying out digestive work. These digestive juices simplifie food by various chemical reactions and convert it into a body-assumed form. Digestive food juice contains many components such as proteins, carbohydrates, fats, minerals, salts, vitamins, water, etc. These nutrients are absorbed by various components of the alimentary canal with the help of special cells. Oral food speeds up the contraction and expansion of different muscles in its long journey. Sphincters at various levels control the speed of food, digested food juice and residuals.
[I] Organs used in Digestive System
As you are aware, many organs work in the digestive work from the mouth to the stool (pictured). We will now discuss these organs in detail.
The front part of the aliyect begins from the mouth and opens into the mouth cavity. It is a bowl-shaped organ. The soft palate is found on top of it and below. The muscular lingua that can move around in the oral cavity is found. The tongue is attached to the base floor in the surface of the mouth cavity by the frenulum lingual or lingual and moves to the middle part of the oral cavity|
The mouth is surrounded by two mossal hotho which helps to open and close the mouth and catch food. 16 – 16 teeth are found in one jaw in the top and bottom part of the mouth. All teeth are located in a mould found in the jaw.
This mould is called Gum. This condition of gums and teeth is called thecolout. In humans, diphyodont is found to have a tooth system in which two types of teeth are found to be temporary and permanent during life.
There are four types of teeth –
(e) Rodents (Incisors) – These are the teeth at the forefront. Which is used for munching and cutting. They emerge at the age of six months.
(b) Canines – These teeth act as tearing and tearing food. They emerge at the age of 16-20 months. These are 2 – 2 in each jaw. In carnivorous animals, these are more developed.
(c) Premolars – They help to chew food and are found in each jaw 4 – 4. They are fully developed at the age of 10-11 years.
(d) Molars – These teeth also help in chewing food and are found in each jaw 6 – 6. Firstly, they emerge at the age of 12 to 15 months.
The mouth cavity is attached to a small flask shaped pharynx in the back of the tongue and palate. Food through the pharynx goes to the food canal or the grass canal and the air breathing. The pharynx ensures from its structure that in no case can the food enter the breathing canal and air food enter the placenta. The mouth of these two drains is on the lower side of the pharynx – the breathing canal in the front and the esophagus in the surface part. The structure of the pharynx is divided into three parts –
(b) Oral pharynx (Oropharynx)
(c) Laryngopharynx or Hypopharynx
It is a narrow muscular tube that is about 25 centimeters long. It starts from the lower part of the pharynx and enters the abdominal cavity from the cervix and diaphragm from the thoracic. The main task of this is to transport food from the mouth cavity to the stomach.
Some mucous glands are found in the esophagus. The secret mucous food from these glands makes it more. In the esophagus. The present reefs provide food with a type of motion crunching motion through which food reaches the stomach. At the top of the esophagus is a flap of tissues. This is called palla valley lid or epiglottis.
It stops overtaking while swallowing food. Prevents food from entering the trachea.
The part of the alimony beyond the esophagus is stomach. It is a muscular J-shaped structure located between the oesophageal dr. duodenum and the left part of abdominal Cavity and behind the median. It is a flexible organ that can hold a diet of one to three litres.
(e) Cardiac or gastroenteritis part: It is a large part of the left from which the oesophageal enters the stomach.
(b) Gastric exodus Part: It is the right small part of the stomach from which the stomach connects to the small intestine.
(c) Fundis Part: It is the structure of the middle of both the parts described above.
Sphincters are found in the stomach. These two muscles interseuse the equilibrium material of the stomach –
(v) Cardiac or lower sophageal sphincter – it divides the oesophagus and stomach and prevents acidic food from entering the pharynx from the stomach.
(b) Pyloric sphincter – divides the stomach and small intestine and regulates the food exhaust from the stomach to the small intestine.
Small intestine is an extremely important part of the digestive system. Which starts from the pyloric part of the stomach and completes it on the large intestine. The average length in human beings is seven metres and the food is the most digested and absorption of food by this organ of the alimentary canal. The small intestine is divided into three parts –
(e) Duodenum – The first and smallest part of the small intestine attached to the stomach, which plays the most important role in the chemical digestion of food (by enzymes) (table).
(b) Jejunum – It is the middle part of the small intestine. Here, the feed juice digested in the duodenum is absorbed. The act of absorption is mainly edited by a particular type of cells called enterocyte.
(c) Ileum – It is the last part of the small intestine that opens in large intestine. This part absorbs nutrients [especially bile salts) and vitamins that are not absorbed in the procesthes.
The thoracic is further attached to the large intestine. Some special bacteria are found here. These bacteria help digest digestion by simplifying the remaining unsized food from the small intestine by fermentation action( Ferimentation). The main functions of large intestine are absorption of water and mineral salts and excretion of indigestiped food from the debris. The large intestine in human beings has been divided into three parts :
(e) The pancreas or the capillary ( Cecium ) – this part is connected to the asteroid. There is absorption of digested food juice coming from the asteroid and the remaining waste is further transported to the larger plant. The first part of the blind canal ( which is attached to the thoracic) is slightly lower than the four-five inch long tube-shaped organ. This is called vermiform appendix.
(b) Colol – The front part of the large intestine in the alimentary canal is called macro-colon. This inverted U size close to 1. 3 m. There is a long tube. The largest is divided into four parts:
( 1 ) Ascending colon – about 15 . M. long tube
( 2 ) Transverse colon – about 50 . M. long tube
( 3 ) Descending colon – about 25 to 100 . M. long tube
( 4 ) Sigmoid colon – about 40 . M. tube
(c) Recturn is the last part of the rectum. it ‘s up to around 20 . M. Is long. from the last 3 of the rectum . M. The part is called anal canal. The analanmal opens out of the path of the stool ( Anus). The shape on the stool ends. Sphicters are found in the analgesics. These embellished muscles control the process of exiting the remaining waste after absorption of digested food juice.
[II] Digestive glands
In addition to the glands present in the organs of the alimentary organs in humans, three major digestive glands, namely, salivary gland, liver and pancreas are found.
This gland produces saliva in the mouth. Saliva is a mixture of a serous liquid and a sticky mucous. The liquid part moistens the food and acts as a mucous lubricant. The main function of saliva is to start digestion of starch present in food, smooth and wash the food and clean teeth, mouth and tongue. Salivary glands are of three types.
(e) Parotid gland – it discharges serous liquid and is found in the gallo.
(b) Submaxillary/ Subbular salivary gland – it is a mixed gland. Which causes liquid and mucous secretion.
(c) Sublingual gland – it is found under the tongue and secretes the mucous.
It is a mixed gland that secretes intraocrine hormone insulin and glucagon and exocrine pancreatic juice. The gland is surrounded by liver, pharynx and spleen. It is 6 to 8 inches long and U in size. The enzyme (table) by this gland helps in the digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the intestines. Insulin and glukegon hormones control blood sugar levels in the body.
It is the most important digestive gland present in the human body| It is a triangular organ located beneath the median, with its maximum weight on the right. On view from the front, the liver is seen divided into two parts – right and left lobes. Two additional shifts appear when viewed from the front surface to the bottom. The liver is formed from about 100,000 small hexagonal structural and functional units called liver lobules. It forms gland bile. From here, the hepatic duct goes into the gall bladder by the subsystem and bile duct. The gall bladder is located in the concave of the liver. Storage of gallbladder bile/gall bladder Accumulates. From here, bile by the gall bladder tube goes into the pharynx.
[III] Digestion of food
Digestion of food is accomplished by many mechanical and chemical processes. Enzymes discharged from various organs and glands within the dietary canal simplify the nutrients of food by decomposition. These enzymes are generally of the hydrolessase class. The major enzymes that work in digestion are as follows:
(i) Carbohydrate digester – amylase, maltage, sucrez etc.
(ii) Protein Digester – Trypsin, Kymo – Trypsin, Pepsin etc.
(iii) Fat Digester – Lipase |
(iv) Nucleigers – Nucleoties, Nuclease.
The act of chewing food and mixing with saliva is edited in the oral cavity. The mucous of saliva helps to lubricate the food particles and paste them. Food now reaches the gastric from the oesophageal and oesophageal from the pharynx by movement of peristalsis in the form of bolus. The penetration of food into the stomach is controlled by the gastro-oesophageal inhibitor. The enzymes present in saliva begin to water decomposition of carbohydrates in the oral cavity. About 30 per cent of the starch here is decomposed into maltose. The stomach contains three types of secretions – mucus, progegenum pepsinogen and hydrochloric acid. Mucous mucous is secreted by cervical cells. Proenzyme pepsinogen is converted into an enzyme pepsin active in an acidic environment prepared by hydrochloric acid. and decomposition of proteins present in food. An enzyme called renin is also found in gastronal juice with pepsin in newborns. It helps in the digestion of milk proteins.
Oxyntic cells secrete hydrochloric acid. The food in the stomach is organized for a few hours and is mixed with gastric juice by muscular contractions and produces Chyme.
Food from the stomach reaches the small intestine. Most of the digestive process is performed in the duodenum. There are agnostic juices, bile salts and bowel juices released by different ducts. | These juices contain various enzymes that digest the various nutrients present in the food.
Emulsification of bile fats. | It is essential for fat digestion. It also activates the bile lipase enzyme. The simplified substances in the duodenum are absorbed into the anterior and asteroids of the small intestine. Residue substances are transported to the blood with the help of various cells. Unformed and unexposed substances move from the thoracic to the large intestine. The main function of the large intestine is the absorption of water and salts and emission of the remaining unflyed part. The decomposed part remains solid and temporarily in the rectum. A tantric reversible (neural reflex) causes excrement of feces from the stool.
Digestive juices and their functions by various digestive organs.
Has. No. An organ or gland -secreting enzyme function ( complex → simplified ) working place which secretes digestive juices .
1. Salivary gland tylin (Ptylin) or
Amylase polysaccharides (e.g. starch , glycogen) → small poly saccharides, maltosis oral cavity
2. Gastric (gastric juice) 1. Pepsin
2 . Renin (Renin) 1. Protein → Peptide
2 . Casein → Paracacin stomach
3. Pancreas 1. Armylase
2 . Trypsin
3 . Chymotrypsin
4 . Carboxypeptidase
5 . Lipase
6 . Nucleas (Nucleases) 1. Starch → Maltos
2 . Protein → Peptide
3 . Protein → Peptide
4 . Protein, Peptide Amino Acids
5 . Fat → monoglyceride , fatty acids
6 . D. N. the eighth vowel of the Devanagari syllabary. we are . N. the eighth vowel of the Devanagari syllabary. → nucleotide small intestine
4. Enteric juice 1. Maltose
2 . Lactase
3 . Sucrase
4 . Lipase
5 . Nucleases
6 . Dipeptidase
7 . Phosphates (Phosphatase) 1. Maltos → Glucose
2 . Lactose → Glucose
3 . Sucrose → Glucose
4 . Fatty acids and glycerol → fats
5 . Nucleic acid and nucleotide → nucleoside and sugars
6 . Amino acids → dipeptide
7 . nucleotide → nitrogen alkali , ribose small intestine .
5. Hepatic bile salts → fatty acids/ fat golic